Transport and Networks
Infrastructure development is crucial to South Africa's strategy of progress.
The country's extensive trade expansion in recent years has resulted in roads, railways, airports and seaports being further developed in order to attain new levels of efficiency. Additional major new projects and large contracts involving both transport and electricity networks are in the development pipeline.
Ports, roads and rail
- South Africa is positioned on the world's major shipping routes, a natural stop en-route to Europe, Asia, Australasia and the African continent. South Africa has seven commercial ports, providing the largest and best-equipped harbour network on the continent. Two of Africa's biggest and busiest seaports - Durban and Richard's Bay - are located in KwaZulu-Natal. These ports provide complementary services, Richard's Bay being the largest bulk coal terminal in the world (more than 80 million tons of coal a year are routed through the port), whilst Durban harbour is South Africa's busiest, providing the largest container facility in Southern Africa at 2,6 million TEUs per annum, accounting for 64% of South Africa's container traffic;
- The South African Government has implemented an R11 billion investment programme for major port, rail and road improvements going forward, effectively taking growth and productivity to the next level. Companies manufacturing for export are able to locate in one of four Industrial Development Zones (Export Processing Zones), strategically located to minimise logistics cost and maximise profit potential for investors. A R1,26 Richards Bay Coal Terminal expansion project has also seen an increase in the port capacity from 79 to 91 mtpa; and
- South Africa's rail network ranks 10th in the world in terms of freight carried, handling 113 BT per annum, and is the 13th longest in the world. Transnet, a state-owned corporation responsible for managing the rail network, has introduced significant development programmes to ensure that the network remains the best-maintained in Africa and continues to provide a mission-critical service to South African exporters.